幼儿和儿童愿景问题

父母通常是第一个注意他们的孩子可能有特殊的愿景需求,因此如果您对孩子的愿景有任何疑虑,请不要犹豫与您的儿科医生或眼科医生交谈。一些警告需要的迹象包括:

  • Sitting or standing close to the TV
  • Holding a book close to eyes
  • 眯着眼睛
  • Rubbing eyes
  • 对光的敏感性
  • Excessive tearing
  • Closing one eye to see better
  • Avoiding certain activities; close (reading) or far (playing ball)
  • Complaining of headaches

Some issues require no treatment, while others may be corrected easily with eyeglasses, or other forms of correction. In all cases, the best chance to make sure your child’s vision is safe is to detect issues early with regular eye examinations. Don't hesitate to talk to your pediatrician or eye care professional if you have any concerns.

Common Vision Issues for Children

大约25%的学龄儿童有视力障碍。以下是常见的眼睛条件:

  • Nearsightedness或近视,影响距离视觉。您的孩子可能毫无困难地阅读,但眯着眼睛可以看到在操场上或远处的物体。
  • Farsightedness或远距离导致视力模糊。一个远视的儿童努力专注于任何物体,无论项目是否在整个房间里都很靠近。
  • 散光是你的角膜或在某些情况下,角膜后面的镜头在所有方向上都不同等地弯曲。散光导致图像模糊,因为光线集中在眼睛的某些部位而不是其他部分。特写或远离关闭的对象可以同样扭曲。

使用矫正镜头可以轻松校正这三个问题。

What Other Things Should I Be on the Lookout for?

如果您发现孩子的眼睛中的问题或奇怪的行为,请务必立即联系您的眼科医生,无论您孩子的年龄如何。虽然大多数孩子的眼睛正常发展,但幼儿可能出现一些问题。

选择下面的症状,了解更多关于观看的内容,您的眼科医生将使用的条款以及如何获得更多信息。

Color Blindness 父母可能会观察到症状color blindnessin their children when their children are young. In other cases, symptoms are so slight, they may not even be noticed. Common symptoms of color blindness include difficulty distinguishing between colors and an inability to see shades or tones of the same color.

Crossed eyes

One eye may turn in towards the nose, or the eyes may seem to move independently, as if they can’t work together. This is known as斜视, a condition that occurs when the eyes are not able to align on the same point at the same time, and appear to be misaligned or pointed in different directions. The eye that turns off-target may be the same in every incidence, or it could be a different eye at different times.

20个孩子在20次交叉眼睛或麻烦跟踪。这通常不是条件婴儿或儿童,只需在必要时检查和治疗似乎似乎未对准的眼睛的孩子。通常,早期抓住时更纠正。

Drooping eyelid

If your child’s eyelid droops over the eye and appears as though it would block their vision, your child may be developingamblyopia,或“懒惰的眼睛”。当眼睛和大脑没有在一起时,弱视发生在一只眼睛中的视觉减少时发生。大脑可以开始忽略弱视眼睛的图像。弱视通常只影响一只眼睛 - 导致弱视眼看起来“懒惰”。当个人的眼睛出现针对两点而不是一个不同的观点时,它通常与斜视或跨越眼睛有关。

Visit PreventBlindness.org to learn about The Eye Patch Club - a supportive program for amblyopia.

Milky white covering over the pupil

In rare cases, children develop童年白内障in one or both eyes. This can appear as a milky white covering over the pupil, and may be detected at birth.

The surgical procedure for cataracts in children is much like it is for adults, involving the removal of the affected lens in the eye. After cataract surgery, your child will need glasses or contact lenses to see before a permanent intraocular lens is implanted. Your eye doctor may choose to useSilsoft超级加contact lenses for aphakia which are designed for children who have had cataract surgery where an intraocular lens has not been implanted.

粉红色的眼睛

如果你孩子的眼睛有淡黄色或绿色的放电,并且红色和刺激,他或她可能会有一个叫做的条件pink eye或结膜炎。粉红色的眼睛可以来自许多原因,但通常是细菌或病毒感染的结果。在某些情况下,它可能来自过敏,环境化学品,或在分娩时从母亲传递给孩子。粉红色眼的潜在原因将决定治疗过程,与您孩子的儿科医生或眼科医生交谈。

Vibrating Eyes

如果你孩子的眼睛似乎跳跃,来回振动,或者以不寻常的方式移动,他或她可能有nystagmus。This condition may signal that the eyes’ motor system is not developing normally. If you have a relative with nystagmus, or if you have it yourself, it’s possible that your child could develop this as well – so it’s important to tell your child's pediatrician or eye doctor during your child’s eye examination if nystagmus runs in your family.

美国的Nystagmus网络provides a great deal of information on this condition, its causes and treatment.


Did you know?


有时照片可以揭示常见和罕见的眼睛问题 - 从闪光灯反射视网膜的方式。如果在最佳条件下拍摄照片,并且在您孩子的眼中看到白色,黄色或黑色反射 - 展示您孩子的儿科医生或眼科医生;这可能是警告标志。

Read how this helped one mother on the American Academy of Ophthalmology website, "Photos Can Help Diagnose Children's Eye Problems and Save Sight“。

记住,帮助您孩子眼中健康的最佳方式是经常专业的眼科检查。务必通过许可的眼科医生审查孩子的眼睛 - 在六个月的岁月之前,在3岁时再次。


Photo at top of page courtesy ofNational Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health


NPR.0163.USA.18