Your Baby's Eye Exam

The best way to protect your baby's eyes is through regular professional examinations. Certain infectious, congenital, or hereditary eye diseases may be present at birth or develop shortly thereafter. Yet, when diagnosed early, their impact may be greatly minimized.

So have your baby's eyes examined – by a licensed eye doctor – before six months of age (or sooner if recommended by your pediatrician) and regularly throughout his or her life.

How Can I Prepare For My Baby's Eye Exam

baby exam

Chances are your pediatrician will examine your baby’s eyes in one of your first few visits. The pediatrician will review your baby's health and family health history. You can prepare for your baby's appointment using our眼睛考试清单(17 KB,PDF)。Be sure to tell the pediatrician about any eye health issues in your family, as many of these can be inherited.


医生将如何测试我的宝宝的视力?

儿科医生可以使用玩具和灯光来确定宝宝的重点,识别颜色和感知深度或维度的能力。以下是您在考试期间可能看到的一些东西:

  • Alignment使用发出噪音(或其他迷人)的玩具将覆盖并迅速揭示每只眼睛以测试您的宝宝的眼睛在一起的工作程度。
  • Ability to fixateYour pediatrician will move an object in front of your baby’s eyes to see if the eyes can watch and follow the object.
  • Coordination of eye muscles儿科医生将在集合模式中移动光或一些有趣的玩具,以测试您的宝宝在近距离看到尖锐,清晰地看到的能力。
  • Pupil response to lightThe pediatrician will shine a small light (a penlight, for example) in your baby's eye and watch the pupil's reaction. The pupil normally would get smaller very quickly in response to light.
  • Eyelid health and functionThe pediatrician will examine each eyelid to be sure it is functioning normally. This includes a check for drooping eyelid, inflammation, and any other indications that your baby’s eyes need greater attention.

如果您的儿科医生看到任何普通人,您将被建议与许可的眼科医生预约,他们将对您的宝宝的眼睛进行更全面的评估。

全面的眼科考试涉及什么

Babies should have their first comprehensive eye exam by a licensed eye doctor at six months. A licensed eye doctor will perform additional tests that the pediatrician does not. This is essential if there are any major vision issues that run in your family, as they may have been inherited.

Your eye doctor will conduct some of the same tests you saw in your pediatrician’s office, but with some important additions:

  • Vision correctionThe eye doctor will use eye drops to help your baby’s pupils dilate, creating a better window to the back of your baby’s eyes. This dilation allows your doctor to check forNearsightedness(myopia),Farsightedness(hyperopia) and散光。下降需要大约45分钟工作,并会模糊你的宝宝的视觉,并导致几个小时的光敏感。使用视网膜验,医生将移动光线,看看它反映在瞳孔中。反射的形状有助于医生确定您的宝宝是否有需要更正的视觉问题。
  • 眼睛的内部和后面After dilating your baby's eyes and dimming the lights, the doctor will use a special instrument called an ophthalmoscope to see through to the retina and optic nerve at the back of the eye. This is where clues to many eye diseases first show up.
  • 测试特定问题一定要讨论你对宝宝的眼睛等其他顾虑crossed eyesand nystagmus, so your doctor can do the appropriate tests and advise you on the action required.

如果我负担得起我的宝宝的眼睛怎么办?

不是每个人都可以负担他们的婴儿需要的预防性保健 - 所以美国验光协会(AOA)有一个专门旨在帮助父母的特殊程序。

父母可以得到一个FREEcomprehensive eye examination for their baby during the first year of the baby’s life. It’s calledInfantSee,AOA提供您在您所在地区找到参与的眼科专业人士所需的信息。


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